Plans of Action for Environmental Protection from Now to 2010

From now up to 2010, we will focus on implementing some of the specific tasks with application of highly feasible measures. The first priority now is to deal with the most urgent issues, as follows:

1. Urgent measures to environment protection in urban residential, industrial and handicraft areas:

Strengthening the administrative management of environmental protection, and strictly implementing the EPL, specific tasks include:

- Business and trading units must prepare full reports prior to any new investments, along with actual works of waste treatment, noise and dust reduction, etc. All these works should be standardized to be environment-friendly before they are permitted to go into operation.

- Under environmental assessment and inspection are businesses that operate in production, trading, services, investment projects modified to the EPL. The assessment results should make clear that the concerned business has an operating permit, has investment in building waste treatment systems, is replaced, and has been suspended.

- New projects and works of basic construction must have in the first place the designs for sanitary and pollutant treatment features.

- As for the administrative authorities, further reinforcement should be done to strengthen their ability to deal with "hot" issues such as waste and garbage, sewage, public sanitation, burial grounds in the Township and district towns.

Control and treatment of garbage in the Township:

Much more efforts should be invested in furnishing new means for garbage collection and transport inside the Township. The Phu Hung garbage depot will be expanded and rennovated with the application of bio-technology in composting for faster treatment and minimizing the bad effects to the surrounding environment.

Control and treatment of garbage in district towns:  

There should be one garbage depot in each of the district towns, with the minimum area of 0.5 ha each, and located at the right place. Private companies will be permitted to operate in garbage collection and treatment. Garbage fee may be payable for the service. Garbage in district towns may be treated by using bio-tech procedures in small scale, suitable to rural areas.

Guttering systems:

In the Township area: More investments will be urgently carried out in guttering works in the inner Township so that there will be no more flood on the streets during the rainy season. Specific tasks include dredging the water ditches, drainage and waste sewage systems.

In districts towns: Guttering structures should be fit in well with other infrastructural works.

Treatment of hospital waste:

Each of the provincial and district hospitals must have two pollutant treatment works:

+ The waste water treatment installation, using waste recycling technology that's suitable to the scales of 200 m3 per day for the prvincial hospital and 50-100 m3 per day for district hospitals.

+ Hospital waste incinerator: Using hermetic incineration technique for all.

The issue of air pollution caused by traffic operations should be solved through a programme of periodical check for pollutant emission levels of means of transport.

An incinerator centre in the Township will be built with clean technology. This is aimed to avoid air pollution as well as to promote modern burial practice. Where there need to be a cemetery, it should be carefully planned to make sure there's no preaching of the EPL while observing local cultural practices.

2. Urgent measures for sea and coastal environments:

Forest conservation and development:

+ In the mangrove forest areas planned for afforestation in according to the Province's overall project of forestry restructuring, a great belt of protective and economic production forests (of mangroves, rushes, etc) will come into form. There also will be a positive solution to the long time disharmony between afforestation and aquaculture by applying the forestry-fishery combination, which has brought about obvious results in Thanh Phu forest plantation (with 70%-80% forest, 20%-30% aquaculture), with a reasonable treatment of water to accommodate both shrimp and mangrove. It is the government responsibility to push forward the allotment of forest areas to the people so that they feel more responsible in taking care of and protecting the forest lots as their own proeperty as a right act in the technical process.

+ In the planned aquaculture areas, it is also necessary to apply the combination with afforestation to ensure the green coverage.

Planning for Aquatic Development:

Development of aquaculture in planned areas is a priority. Spontaneous development should be limited or minimized. The most appropriate is to develop 50- to 100-ha projects.

Plans also are under way to construct waterworks to bring clean salt water into shrimp culture ponds, encourage the revamp of natural water conditions in order to keep good environment for aquaculture.

More support and encouragement will be done to help farmers with the right technical works.

An approach to environmental treatment will be developed and carried out on a yearly basis to both reduce pollution and develop new culturing technologies, thus propping up the productivity in aquaculture.

The province's government has plans to preserve the natural fish and shrimp breeding resources, by strongly supporting and encouraging fishers to further offshore fishing, reducing onshore fishing. Because rivers are a concentrated breeding-ground and rich in aquatic resources, it is necessary to limit and strictly control abusive fishing practices here.

Protection of Bio-diversity:

Specific measures will be developed to select and preserve the province's resources of rare breeding and seedling, in parallel with importing new ones, in order to heighten the productivity and bio-diversity.

From now to 2010, the Vam Ho bird park project is focused for development into a preserved park and an ecological tourist resort. Another project, the mangrove forest preservation in Thanh Phu, is also under consideration to develop in near future.

Measures to Reduce Oil Pollution and Pesticidal Contamination in the Coastal Areas:

+ Pesticidal contamination:

To push up the effectiveness in carrying out the program of integrated pandemic management (IPM), more efforts will be made in reducing the use of pesticides in both rice fields, vegetable crop lands, fruit tree gardens, and at the same time more control on pesticides trading will be reinforced, in order to minimize the level of pesticide surplus in water. It is planned 2010, 100% of farmers will be trained with the IPM program.

+ Oil pollution:

The province's government will strictly apply regulations on oil pollution control over portal areas and vessels. Waste oil is not allowed into water, but it needs to be sucked up and treated by burning or buried away. Water ports are required to be installed with oil waste treating systems right in the process of construction. By 2005, there plans are set to remove all floating tanks of oil trading in rivers.

3. Measures for Environmental Protection in Rural Areas:

The issue of unhygienic latrine works (such as open-air latrines, out-of-date latrines) and polluting pig raising households is to be settled off.

For households:

  • It is set to achieve the target of at least 80% of the whole province's rural households having hygienic latrine works by 2005.
  • Models to be chosen in accordance with characteristics of each area and specific households economic conditions. For pigsty waste, the chosen model is to build biogas systems (not expensive).

For schools and health centres:

The target is to achieve 100% furnished with hygienic toilet systems. There will be 403 schools and 61 health centres in the range. Technically, all of these systems will be built with septic tank, enough to serve the user population.

For government offices and headquarters:

It is targeted 100% by 2006 to be furnished with hygienic toilet systems. The number is planned at 117 systems. The choice is septic tank, capacity of 2 latrines per system.

The movement of trees planting along treet sides and around houses, schools, health centres is planned to cover with traditional trees such as gum tree, tamarind, etc. Residents should be encouraged to plant and take care trees, with the support from the government, and they can benefit from their works. It is set to plant 10 million trees by 2005.

4. The Measure of Educating the Awareness of Environmental Protection:

This is the decisive measure to the effective implementation of all above measures.

Therefore, environmental education needs to be put on the teaching curriculum in schools, at the same time the EPL, the Resolutions 175/CP and 26/CP have to be strictly observed to every production factory, community and household, so that the environment protection is closely coupled with building new cultural life in the community and residential areas, making sure the people be aware of their rights and duty in protecting the environment.

It is necessary to establish the environment Steering Units in districts and communes, personnels would be trained and assigned functions and authority to act out the Resolution No. 26/CP in their local areas.

5. Pushing the Scientific research on Environment protection:

Environment and Resources Investigation:

In accordance with the EPL, the province is to submit an annual report on environment to the Ministry of Environment and Resources, so that the Ministry can integrate into its own report to the National Assembly. At the same time, the province also has to carry out background survey of the environment and resources, especially in places of great pollution risks, in order to build more scientific backgrounds adding to the current database for use in environment and resources administration.

In the mean time, the GIS (the geographical information system) is an IT means for monitoring geograhpical information. It will also be used for administrating and updating investigative results on environment and natural resources for use in overall planning of socio-economic developments in the whole province as well as in particular sector.

Another instrument, the environment monitoring system, is also to be used for controling the environment, especially the water resources, in the larger system of environment monitoring in the region and the country, in order to timely find out environmental instances, bad developments of the environment so that there could be some kind of appropriate method to deal with.